On Tuesday, the New Media Consortium announced six emerging technologies that will impact K-12 education.
Over the next five years, "The NMC Horizon Report: 2011 K-12 Edition" suggests that the education community will embrace cloud computing, mobiles, game-based learning, open content, learning analytics and personal learning environments.
Compared to last year, cloud computing still remains in the adoption time of one year or less. Mobiles have moved up to an adoption time of one year or less from two to three years. And educational gaming changed its name to game-based learning, but is in the same spot two to three years out.
Notably, the two technologies cited in last year's report with an adoption time of four to five years don't appear in the 2011 report. While augmented reality and thin screens and flexible interfaces are still important, one new technology and one old technology have emerged that are more important, explained report author Larry Johnson in a CoSN webinar.
|Time to adoption
||2011 Topics||2010 Topics|
|One year or less||Cloud computing||Cloud computing|
|One year or less||Mobiles||Social computing|
|Two to three years||Game-based learning||Educational gaming|
|Two to three years||Open content||Mobiles|
|Four to five years||Learning analytics||Augmented reality|
|Four to five years||Personal learning environments||Thin screens and flexible interfaces|
Over the past number of years, decreases in funding have played a role in boosting technologies like cloud computing to a higher adoption rate. When schools had money, they preferred to keep security control over their email. But now that they have less money, they're moving to services like Google Apps.
"In one sense, the financial pressure is leading to some creative solutions that wouldn't have been on the table in the past," Johnson said.
The same goes for mobile computing. As more districts look into bring your own technology programs, the adoption of mobiles has increased faster.
While a digital divide does still exist, it's no longer so much a line between students who don't have technology at all and students who have technology. For the most part, students on one side have new devices, and students on the other side have hand-me-downs.
This more widespread access to mobile devices has opened up options for districts to leverage student technology.
"It's also so much a part of the developed world that we're at a point when we can seriously consider it," Johnson said.
This trend has changed names to reflect an increased focus on learning rather than gaming. The military has shifted many types of training into simulations and games, and as a society, we're gaming a tremendous amount.
At the University of Chicago, an online environment called Our Playground allows students to design their own data collection projects. They collect data through their mobile devices.
Through Quest Atlantis, kids explore a virtual world and learn about science as they go on different quests.
As more content becomes available, shouldn't we share it instead of replicating the wheel all the time? That's the thinking that has driven open content in the last number of years. Johnson mentioned Curriki as a good source for open content and the Open High School in Utah as an example of an online charter school built around open content.
The push for individualized learning has helped drive more real-time analysis of how students are doing. According to the report, the goal of learning analytics is to "enable teachers and schools to tailor educational opportunitites to each student's level of need and ability."
Personal learning environments
This technology is often incorporated into learning management systems, but can be separate as well. Personal learning environments allow students to direct their own learning by themselves or in groups. They generally involve a number of tools that learners choose to use as they learn.
At Creekview High School in Canton, Georgia, sophomores learn how to configure Netvibes as a tool in their personal learning environment, according to the report.
Should other technologies have made the final cut? Have you used any of these six technologies on the horizon in your school or district? Let us know about your experiences and thoughts in the comments.